WHAT: Perverted-Justice.com is a Web site that can be convenient for a reporter looking for a good story. But the tactic raises some ethical questions. The Web site scans Internet chat rooms looking for men who can be lured into sexually explicit conversations with invented underage correspondents. Perverted-Justice posts the men’s pictures on its Web site.
Recently the tactic has spread to the mainstream media. Perhaps the most visible use of the resource has been on “Dateline NBC.” Many local television stations have used it as well.
A Kansas City, Mo., station, KCTV-Channel 5, may have been the first to show faces and name names. Its six-night report aired during February sweeps in 2004, taking advantage of information and volunteers provided by Perverted-Justice.com. It helped the station get good ratings.
In December 2003, investigative reporter Steve Chamraz and volunteers from the Web site rented a house in Independence, Mo., to wait for men who had responded to messages from volunteers pretending to be underage boys and girls. Several local men engaged in chat-room conversations with the supposed youngsters.
Eventually, 16 of them showed up at the rented house. Each time, Chamraz and a Channel 5 camera crew were waiting to record the encounter. But one man targeted by the reporting filed a federal lawsuit against Channel 5’s parent company, Meredith Broadcasting; the Web site; and the CBS network. The plaintiff claimed he was misrepresented as a pedophile and it cost him a $50,000-a-year job.
He claimed he never propositioned the “young girl” he chatted with.
The lawsuit challenged only one of several apparent instances of what Chamraz and Channel 5 characterized as “Internet predators” who wanted to “have sex with underage teens.”
Questions: Is it ethically defensible to employ such a sting tactic? Should you buy into the agenda of an advocacy group, even if it’s an agenda as worthy as this one?
WHO: Put yourself in the position of a news director or station manager who must decide whether to use the services of Perveted-Justice.com. Who else has a stake in your decision of whether to make this a major story? Certainly, the community you serve needs to know who might be trolling for children to exploit.
Perveted-Justice.com is also a stakeholder. Your reporting will add to its credibility. Is it a reputable group or a bunch of suspect vigilantes, possibly even voyeuristic? Those with the most at stake are the potential perverts caught in the sting. They most certainly will lose their reputations, their jobs and quite likely their freedom, as many of them will be arrested and incarcerated.
WHY: Identify the competing moral principles. Telling the truth is always the primary responsibility of a journalist. But is this a manufactured “truth?” When you consider minimizing harm, does the harm you do to the Internet predators carry more weight than the harm they might do to the community’s children?
Is Perverted-Justice.com itself ethical? Or is it, as one law enforcement officer in Wichita said, “a lawsuit waiting to happen”? Are you damaging your own ethics by using it? What’s the greatest good for the greatest number of people involved?
HOW: There is no clear-cut answer here. Obviously, many media outlets have gone ahead and conducted stings. Ultimately, as the editor, you must decided how to answer the questions raised in the first part of this exercise.
Write down your answer to see if it makes sense. And put your rationale into words. If you were to proceed with a story using these techniques, do you think your viewers and/or readers should be told something about your rationale? As always, consider making your decision-making process part of your coverage.